Philosophy for Children

P4C is one of the most successful and well-researched thinking skills approaches to classroom practice.

SAPERE is the UK charity that manages the Philosophy for Children P4C in the UK. There is a wealth of information on their website .

P4C is endorsed by UNICEF and practiced in over 50 countries. P4C values difference, creativity, relationships and the emergence of new thought. All of these are vital to the Wellbeing of children and their communities. P4C is an ethical and responsible philosophy that has at its heart the desire the listen to others and to learn from each other.

Introduced in the early years and practiced throughout primary and secondary schools its philosophical approach helps to tackle problems associated with democratic discussion and managing differences of opinion, conflicting beliefs, strong feelings, controversial issues and decision-making. The emphasis on oral work, personal experience and collaboration makes it accessible to all students.

For support with the Foundation Phase/Stage, see – Philosophy for Children .


What Can P4C Do for Children and Schools?

  • Increases motivation to enquire and learn
  • Enables teachers to value pupil voice
  • Promotes reflective learning
  • Children become critical and reflective thinkers
  • Builds a community of learners throughout the school
  • Transforms the quality of relationships throughout the school
  • Improves well-being, confidence and self-esteem

Research Evidence on Improved Achievement

  • Philosophy for Children P4C sessions once a week for a school year can increase IQ by an average of 6 points as measured by CAT scores
  • Enhanced literacy, numeracy and oracy
  • Lower and middle ability students tend to benefit more than the highest ability students
  • Improvement is sustained even after pupils move from primary to secondary school
  • This correlates with a 20% improvement in the chance of achieving a particular grade at GCSE

Are You Interested in Training Opportunities in P4C?

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